Nr.2 | 2016 | Vedeti revista aici


Mihai-Bogdan Marian

Contractul social și problematica drepturilor omului – provocările postmodernității

Contractual theories and the regulation of human rights issues emanating from the Enlightenment century is an unprecedented evolutionary leap in the history of human societies which managed to bring substantial improvements in the lives of common individuals everywhere. However, social realities are not static, they evolve and transform, requiring a permanent redefinition and reinvention of the regulatory framework by which these regulations are applied. From this perspective, postmodernism comes to counterbalance a series of exceptions from the classical contractual theories, with profound implications on the matter of human rights, which by their number and their persistence over time, become genuine indicators revealing that humanity has reached the moment when the renegotiation of a new social contract becomes mandatory worldwide.

Keywords: social contract, human rights, sovereignty, national state, postmodernism

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Mihai Milca

Statul de drept, drepturile omului, siguranța cetățenilor și starea de excepție

There is a close connection between safety and freedom of citizens, with reference to other cardinal values. Safety, before being an end in itself, becomes a prerequisite of freedom, an instrument that can enhance the degree of freedom of the individual in society and of the citizen in a state. Currently, the state action to protect citizens against the internal and external challenges due to the emergence of terrorism is increasingly becoming a hot issue, since anti-terrorist laws and practices proved to be deficient in the way the international community responds or should respond to the cross-border terrorist organizations. It now becomes pressing and necessary to resort to radical and timely reassessment. By replacing the rule of law with a so-called "state security" actually there is neither a strengthened rule of law nor an enhanced security while a greater "social disciplining" of citizens does not take place.

Keywords: public security, fundamental rights, rule of law, state security, state of exception, terrorism

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Laurențiu Șoitu, Alina Țicău

Drepturile elevului și manualul digital

Education is an essential right that allows individuals to receive training to know their traditions, perennial values, the principles and standards of society through their social fulfillment. The right to instruction and education is important in itself but it also counts for the benefit of others, for the economic, social and cultural development of all. This paper aims to highlight the idea that each generation has its own conditions for development. Enjoying novelty and progress at technological and conceptual levels – is everyone’s right. A generation of digital natives currently grows and asserts itself. Their textbooks as a mean of learning and education can only be in consonance with the current cutting edge technology.

Keywords: human and children’s rights, digital natives, digital textbooks, training and education, inclusion, success and social affirmation

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Gheorghe Iancu, Ioana Anca Iancu

Analiza unor reglementări constituționale și legale privind mediul protejat

The current ecological crisis that is affecting the environment and the world ecologic balance is closely linked to the relation between people and subjective rights on the one hand, and the environment on the other hand. It is currently necessary to convince states to proceed with the constitutional regulation of a new fundamental right – the right to a protected environment, which can be classified as follows according to several criteria in order to receive: explicit or implicit recognition; legal or constitutional recognition; recognition or not in the jurisprudence.

Keywords: subjective rights, environment, the right to a protected environment, constitution, fundamental rights

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Irina Moroianu Zlătescu, Petru Emanuel Zlătescu

Reglementări actuale în domeniul nediscriminării

This study aims to present the most important international regulation, at European regional and national level on discrimination and on combating it. It also aims to find solutions to eliminate discrimination in various fields and in different ways, considering that the most important factor is education.

Keywords: rule of law, democracy, human rights, equality, non-discrimination, legal culture

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Alexandra Bucur

Drepturile economice și sociale ale imigranților

Issues relating to economic and social rights are very important in the context of immigration. The right to work, the right to social security, the right to education, the right to health etc. are inherent to all human beings, whether or not immigrants. These rights are governed by numerous international instruments. States cannot ignore their obligations to respect and protect human rights.

Keywords: human rights, economic and social rights, immigrants

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Grațian Urechiatu-Buruian

Aspecte privind administrarea justiției din România ca serviciu public

The justice activity is part of public services and it operates through courts. To the well functioning of the justice’s act compete organizations in the Public Prosecutor's Office attached to each Justice court. The main purpose of justice is to check that the judicial norms are respected. In the present juridical architecture, the courts are organized and function according to Law no. 304/2004 regarding the judicial organization. According to this legislative act the justice is made though the following courts: the High Court of Cassation and Justice, the Court of Appeal, the County Court, the specialized county courts, the military court, and the district court.

Keywords: justice administration, European Convention on Human Rights, procedure, Constitution, public service

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O argumentație pentru candidatura politică – drept fundamental al omului

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Decizia Curții Europene a Drepturilor Omului în cauza Drăgan împotriva României

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Decizia Curții Europene a Drepturilor Omului în cauza Poede împotriva României

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Gheorghe Pârvan

Spațiul juridic românesc – între tradiție și reformă

Olivia Florescu

Ziua mondială a sănătății

Carmen Năstase

8 aprilie - Ziua internațională a romilor

Adrian Bulgaru

Olimpiada națională de științe – umane

Olivia Florescu

Ziua Pământului 2016

Teodor Lorenț

23 aprilie - Ziua mondială a cărții și a dreptului de autor

Marius Mocanu

Ziua mondială a libertății presei

Daniela Albu

Ziua internațională a familiei

Carmen Năstase

Protecția mediului prin dreptul penal

Mihaela Scarlat

Eficiența normelor juridice

Olivia Florescu

Forumul drepturilor fundamentale ale omului 2016

Marius Mocanu

Migrația: noi provocări pentru Europa, suveranitatea statală și statul de drept social

Daniela Albu

Mecanisme naționale de raportare și monitorizare. Studii asupra angajamentului statelor în implementarea mecanismelor internaționale în domeniul drepturilor omului

Daniela Albu

Bogdan Aurescu, România și Curtea Internațională de Justiție. Lucrările Conferinței internaționale România și Curtea Internațională de Justiție – 5 ani de la delimitarea maritimă a Mării Negre, 3 februarie 2014

Anca Moț

Octavian Opriș, Libertate, morală și politică, Editura Ideea Europeană, București, 2015

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In Memoriam prof.univ.dr. Nicolas Mateesco-Matte (03 decembrie 1913 - 13 aprilie 2016)

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In Memoriam prof.dr. Octavian Popescu (27 septembrie 1934 - 27 aprilie 2016)

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