Tackling social Norms – A Game Changer for Gender Inequalities: Human Development Perspectives 2020 (PNUD, New York, 2020)
The UNDP report published in March this year proposes an original and innovative approach to combating gender inequality. Based on the idea that today`s society still places women in a glass cage, the authors of the report reveal that it is not glass out of which it is built, but prejudices about women perpetuated over time. What is worrying is the fact that both men and women around the world manifest these reluctances and prejudices. The authors of the report take a new perspective on why there are still power gaps between men and women in countries` economies, political systems and corporations, despite real progress in combating gender inequality in areas such as education, health and removing legal barriers through the political and economic participation of women, and suggest how we can reinvent social norms for the benefit of all. The report focuses on a new indicator for measuring social norms and customs that obstructs or affects gender equality in politics, employment and education - an indicator that experts have called The Gender Social Norms Index (GSNI). This index shows that progress on gender equality has slowed in recent years. Data were collected from 75 countries (including Romania). In calculating the index, the political, educational, economic and physical integrity dimensions were taken into account (where there is a risk of violence). Issues such as the decision-making power and representation in politics of women vs. men, educational ability, the economic aspect of employment, as well as abuses against women are also tacked.
Keywords: UNDP, combating gender inequality, The Gender Social Norms Index, prejudices, social norms, empowerment, women in decision-making, women`s representativeness
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