No.4 | 2012 | See the journal here


Irina Moroianu Zlătescu

Issues related to codification in the field of human rights

Codification was considered the invention of an old era with no future. The development of society however has proved that it keeps its relevance even nowadays. Thus, at present, national codification goes side-by-side with international codification. A new field where it imposed itself is that of human rights.

Keywords: code, codification, comparative law, domestic law, international law, human rights

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Cristian Ionescu

A theoretical substantiation of the right to happiness as a constitutional right

The positivist thinking, current aspects of the social life, normalization of social relationships by legal rules, create only the illusion that the natural law was replaced by the positive right which we respect and apply daily under the legitimate authority of the State. However, the senses and the meanings of inalienable human rights have not been exhausted. On the contrary, they preserve their value and strength, particularly when Governments abuse their power, when the normative order is incomplete or when it is not able to adapt to the natural social requirements. In such cases, the application of the natural right is the reliable source for practical solutions including judicial regulation. Such an inalienable right is the „pursuit of happiness”, which the Fathers of the American Constitution laid down together with other natural rights into the Declaration of Independence adopted by the Continental Congress on 4th July 1776. The Declaration of Independence provides that „to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed…”. The spirit of the Declaration of Independence was taken over in France by the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen adopted in 1789. This Declaration provides that „The representatives of the French People, formed into a National Assembly, considering ignorance, forgetfulness or contempt of the rights of man to be the only causes of public misfortunes and the corruption of Governments, have resolved to set forth, in a solemn Declaration, the natural, unalienable and sacred rights of man…”. This way, the pursuit of happiness was admitted into the patrimony of the modern constitutionalism.

Keywords: natural rights, inalienable human rights, the right to happiness, legitimate governance, the Constituent Assembly

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Dorel Bahrin

The need for security and human rights

One of the security paradigms of the twenty-first century has at its core the following question: how to keep intact the nucleus of fundamental civil and political rights, given that, as analysts of globalization believe, there is a tendency or fear that, for added security or a minimum guaranteed security, some fundamental civil and political rights could suffer some limitations or restrictions? Lately the relevant debates have been complicated by the invoked right to humanitarian intervention or pre-emptive intervention. The present article argues that the two sides of fundamental rights and security (individual, collective or international security) should not be viewed in opposing terms, while new developments should be addressed within an updated UN judicial framework and a culture appreciative of human rights should be promoted.

Keywords: security, human rights, fundamental freedoms, humanitarian intervention, military intervention

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Anna Maria Cun (Neagoe)

Right to education of persons with disabilities

About 80 million people in the European Union, that is one out of every six persons, have disabilities of various degrees between moderate and severe. The right to education is laid down in several international and regional binding documents signed by Romania. The latest and most important one is the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, a document whose purpose is to promote, to protect and to provide full exercise of all the fundamental human rights by all persons with disabilities. At national level, the article surveys the most relevant normative acts on inclusive education.

Keywords: right to education, education for all, right to education of persons with disabilities, international conventions and instruments, inclusive education, national documents

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IRDO – Annual report for the year 2012

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Claudia Elena Marinică, Marius Mocanu

Report on the evolution of the human rights legislation in the European Union and Romania – 2012 (Part II)

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Marius Văcărelu

Decision in the case Creangă vs. Romania

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Daniela Albu (traducere), Valeriu Rendec (traducere)

Amman Conference on the rights of women and girls

Dinu Țepeș

Conference on “Non-Discrimination, Autonomy, Inclusion”

Daniela Albu

40th Plenary Assembly of the World Federation of United Nations Associations

The spiritual dimension of human rights. Education for all

Olivia Florescu

International University of Human Rights

Adrian Bulgaru

European culture of human rights. The right to happiness

Gheorghe Pârvan

Corina Buzdugan, Mihnea Dan Radu, Codruța-Ștefania Juncan, Studies in the honour of professor Gheorghe Boboș, Universul Juridic Publishing House, Bucharest, 2012

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Table of contents - 2012

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